A sarcoma is a rare kind of cancer. They are different from common carcinomas because they happen in a different kind of tissue. Sarcomas grow within the connective tissues, the cells that connect or support other kinds of tissue in the body. These tumors are more common in bones, tendons, muscles, nerves, cartilage, fat and blood vessels of arms and legs. In short, they can happen anywhere. Sarcomas can be treated, generally by having a surgery to remove the tumor.
How to Identify Sarcomas:
Sarcomas are often hard to spot as they tend to grow anywhere within the body. Generally, the basic symptom is a lump which starts painless. As the lump grows bigger, it presses against muscles and nerves and makes you feel uncomfortable. There are no specific methods that can locate these tumors, but yes they cause symptoms that you can easily notice.
Sarcoma has some very obvious early symptoms which include :
- Pain on and off in the affected bone, which might worsen during the night.
- Swelling of the affected area, which generally starts a few weeks after the pain.
- If the leg is affected by sarcoma, a lump can be observed.
Blood in vomit or stool.
What needs to be kept in mind is that not all lumps are sarcoma. The other causes of lumps might be due to lipomas, which are groups of adipose cells/fat cells and might not be cancer. What differentiates these from sarcoma lumps is that they do not change size over the years. However, if the lumps start to get any bigger or painful, it is suggested that you visit a doctor irrespective of the location of the lump. Because the sarcoma lumps often develop in tissues and in the spaces deep in the flesh, the tumor often displaces the healthy tissues from their location. Hence, sarcoma symptoms may take a while to get detected before the tumor grows quite large. The first problematic stage includes pain as the overgrowth of the tumor results in its pressing against muscles and nerves.
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Generally, these symptoms are more often caused by other reasons other than sarcoma, but it is advised that you get them checked out by a doctor to ensure safety.
To learn more about sarcomas, please visit www.sarcomaoncology.com.
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